Astrophysics (Index)About

double star designation

(systems and format of double star designators)

There are modern and traditional formats and prefixes for double star designation. Modern efforts such as the Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS) have standardized prefixes (using Latin letters for ease of use in databases and basic printing) usually indicating the discoverer, observatory, or old source astronomical catalog, whereas records going back 200 years used prefixes often consisting of Greek and/or Latin letters, commonly using the Greek equivalent of the credited discoverer's initial. The interest in double stars (as asterisms to serve as guide stars, and regarding movements evident over time) has led to many observations recorded in catalogs and journal letters and papers. These can be very useful for long-term studies of binary star orbits, and the proper motion of optical-double individuals, but using them presents challenges in interpreting both the old-style designators and old coordinates.

Some major catalogs of double stars:


(astronomy,double stars,designation)
Further reading:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_star#Designations
https://www.handprint.com/ASTRO/bineye2.html
PrefixExample  
ΦΦ 332discoverer(Finsen)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Stephen_Finsen
ARGARG 1discoverer(Argelander)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Wilhelm_Argelander
BALBAL 746discoverer(Baillaud) or Bail 746https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1944AnBes...3...33B/abstract
BARBAR 61discoverer(Barnard) or Ba 61https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Emerson_Barnard
BAZBAZ 4or Baize 4, discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1927JO.....10..149B/abstract
BrsOBrsO 14Brisbane Observatoryhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Brisbane#Astronomer
BSOBSO 14Brisbane Observatoryhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Brisbane#Astronomer
CHECHE 45discoverer(Chevalier)https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanislas_Chevalier
COOCOO 70Cordoba Observatoryhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentine_National_Observatory
COUCOU 79discoverer(Couteau)http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu/pdf/1967JO.....50...33C
DAWDAW 35discoverer(Dawson)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1924AJ.....35..147D/abstract
DawesDawes 6discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1864MNRAS..24..117D/abstract
DjuDju 9discoverer(Djurkovic)http://www.astro.gsu.edu/wds/lin2/lnotes.html
DonDon 520discoverer(Donner)http://cds.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/Dic-Simbad?/4039271
DooDoo 35discoverer(Doolittle)https://www.jstor.org/stable/40692229
EDGEDG 2discoverer(D.W. Edgecomb)http://home.europa.com/~telscope/edgecomb.txt
ENGENG 11discoverer(Engelmann)https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_Engelmann
EspEsp 42discoverer(Espin)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1907MNRAS..67..194E/abstract
FINFIN 332or Finsen 332, discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Stephen_Finsen
FRKFRK 11discoverer(Franks)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Sadler_Franks
GALGAL 307or Gallo 307, discovererhttps://historiadelaastronomia.wordpress.com/2011/09/25/joaquin-gallo-monterrubio/
GICGIC 57discoverer(Giclas)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_L._Giclas
GLEGLE 2discoverer(Gale)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Frederick_Gale
GLPGLP 9discoverer(Glasenapp)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergey_Glazenap
GNTGNT 1discoverer(Grant)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Grant_(astronomer)
GSHGSH 1discoverer(Glaisher)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Glaisher
GYLGYL 73discoverer(Goyal)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1958AJ.....63..147G/abstract
HDOHDO 127Harvard College Observatory
HEIHEI 812discoverer(Heintz)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu//abs/2006BAAS...38.1274A/abstract
HLDHLD 250discoverer(E.S. Holden)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_S._Holden
HLMHLM 19discoverer(Holmes)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Holmes_(astronomer)
HLNHLN 18discoverer(Frank Holden)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993QJRAS..34..113A/abstract
HoHo 229discoverer(G.W. Hough)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W._Hough
HrgHrg 107discoverer(Hargrave)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Hargrave
HuHu 667discoverer(Hussey)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Hussey_(astronomer)
HWEHWE 13discoverer(H.A. Howe)https://books.google.com/books/about/Catalogue_of_50_New_Double_Stars.html
HynekHynek 1authorhttps://findingaids.library.northwestern.edu/agents/people/1473
HZGHZG 2discoverer(Hertzsprung)http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/BruceMedalists/Hertzsprung/index.html
II 7discoverer(Innes)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1896JBAA....6..261I/abstract
JJ 900discoverer(Jonckhèere)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Jonckhèere
JCJC 2discoverer(Jacob)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Stephen_Jacob
JEFJEF 1discoverer(Jeffers)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamilton_Jeffers
JOYJOY 1discoverer(Joy)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Harrison_Joy
JSPJSP 561discoverer(Jessup)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1937MmRAS..65...51R/abstract
KNTKNT 4or Kn or Knott(discoverer)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1895MNRAS..55..195./abstract
KRKR 60or Kruger(Krüger, discoverer)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1891AN....127..289B/abstract
KUKU 3discoverer(Kustner)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1915AnDea...1...44F/abstract
KUIKUI 75or KPR, author(Kuiper)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerard_Kuiper
LL 15discoverer(Lewis)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1992JBAA..102...95W/abstract
LAMLAM 5discoverer(Lamont)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_von_Lamont
LAULAU 1discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_E._Lau
LEOLEO 34or Leon(discoverer)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_C._Leonard
LPOLPO 25observatoryhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Plata_Astronomical_Observatory
LUYLUY 6219discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willem_Jacob_Luyten
MILMIL 1discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1948MNRAS.108...49./abstract
MLBMLB 1discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T._H._E._C._Espin
MlbOMlbO 4Melbourne Obs. discoveryhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melbourne_Observatory
MLFMLF 2discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Muller_(astronomer)
MLOMLO 4Melbourne Obs. discoveryhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melbourne_Observatory
MLRMLR 391discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001C%26T...117...10C/abstract
MTLMTL 2CDdiscovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ormsby_M._Mitchel
NZONZO 52observatoryhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ward_doubles
OLOL 244discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Pollard_Olivier
OPIOPI 2discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu//abs/1972IrAJS..10...50O/abstract
PLQPLQ 3or Paloque(discoverer)https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observatoire_de_Toulouse
POLPOL 4discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Arthur_Pollock
POUPOU 1931discovererhttp://www.jdso.org/volume8/number4/Smith_v8_p243.pdf
PRYPRY 3discovererhttp://www.nastro.org.uk/rev-jevon-james-muschamp-perry.html
PRZPRZ 3discovererhttps://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Przybyllok
PTTPTT 19discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1962PASP...74..495N/abstract
PZPZ 4discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giuseppe_Piazzi
RR 230discovererhttps://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1892MmRAS..50...57R/abstract
RMKRMK 13discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Ludwig_Christian_Rämker
SEESEE 53or λl, discoverer(See)https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1898AJ.....18..188S/abstract
SteinStein 2031discovererhttp://www.jdso.org/volume2/number4/Daley3.pdf
STHSTH 2or H 2, discoverer(H. Struve)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_von_Struve
WNCWNC 4or Winnecke 4, discovererhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnecke_Catalogue_of_Double_Stars

Referenced by pages:
rare designator prefixes

Index