### Gravitational Potential

(conceptual field indicating the strength of gravity at each point)

**Gravitational Potential** is a mathematical field
(function on space dimensions) that indicates the strength
of Gravity's effect on each point in space.
It is the amount of energy required per unit mass to move
the mass far away (e.g., infinite distance,
approximated by a point very distant from any mass).
I.e., the **Gravitational Potential Energy** per unit mass at each point.
(An actual object at some point would have that point's
*gravitational potential* times the object's mass as its
*gravitational potential energy*.)

Gravitational potential's gradient is directly related
to the acceleration imposed on something at that point,
i.e., the force per unit mass.

Gravitational potential is useful for **Dynamics** and **Kinematics**,
such as orbital mechanics.

(*physics,gravity,mechanics,dynamics,kinematics*)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravitational_potential

**Referenced by:**

Jeans Length

Legendre Polynomials

Large Scale Structure (LSS)

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