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Horizontal Coordinate System

(az/el system, Alt/Az system, altazimuth system)
(celestial coordinate system based upon horizon and north)

The Horizontal Coordinate System (az/el system, Alt/Az system, altazimuth system) is a spherical coordinate system used for directions in the Celestial Sphere, fixed to the horizon and north. It is directly related to observation from Earth, but time-dependent: the rotation of Earth produces a constant minute-by-minute change in the whole sky, called the Diurnal Motion. Other coordinate systems avoid this, but to relate an observation to one of them, the position must be converted between it and this one.

Elements of the horizontal coordinate system:


(coordinate system,horizon,celestial sphere,Earth)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horizontal_coordinate_system

Referenced by:
Celestial Coordinate System
Ephemeris

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