(M1, Messier 1, NGC 1952, Tauras A)
(supernova remnant in Taurus)
The Crab Nebula (M1, Messier 1, NGC 1952, Tauras A)
is the results of a supernova
recorded in 1054 (SN1054). The nebula was discovered in 1731
with an apparent magnitude of 8.4, invisible
to the naked eye. In the center is a pulsar
(the Crab Pulsar, PSR B0531+21)
with a pulse frequency of 30/second.
It is rare as a pulsar that has also been identified optically.
The Crab Nebula has been much studied, being
useful in gathering data and testing models.
For example, when pulsars were first discovered,
it was predicted that a pulsar would be found in the Crab Nebula,
and one's subsequent discovery helped confirm the model
that pulsars are spinning neutron stars formed from supernovae.
This also means Crab Pulsar is unique in that its age is known.
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Referenced by pages:
gamma rays (GR)
rotating radio transient (RRAT)
supernova remnant (SNR)