(space probe that visited a comet)
Rosetta was an European Space Agency space probe
that rendezvoused with the comet, 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
It was launched in 2004 and reached the comet in 2014.
A lander, Philae, landed in 2014
but failed to position its solar planes effectively
and achieved only a couple of days' science activities.
The Rosetta science mission continued until 2016 when the probe
was deliberately hard-landed on the comet.
- ALICE - ultraviolet imaging spectrograph.
- OSIRIS - optical, spectroscopic, and infrared remote imaging system.
- VIRTIS - visible and infrared thermal imaging spectrometer.
- MIRO - microwave instrument for the Rosetta orbiter.
- CONSERT - comet nucleus sounding experiment by radiowave transmission.
- RSI - radio science investigation.
- ROSINA - Rosetta orbiter spectrometer for ion and neutral analysis (mass spectrometer).
- MIDAS - micro-imaging dust analysis system.
- COSIMA - cometary secondary ion mass analyzer.
- GIADA - grain impact analyzer and dust accumulator.
- RPC - Rosetta plasma consortium (studied solar wind interaction).
- APXS - alpha particle X-ray spectrometer.
- CIVA - comet nucleus infrared and visible analyzer.
- COSAC - cometary sampling and composition.
- MUPUS - multi-purpose sensors for surface and sub-surface science.
- Ptolemy - instrument to measure stable isotope ratios of volatiles on the nucleus.
- ROLIS - Rosetta lander imaging system.
- ROMAP - Rosetta lander magnetometer and plasma monitor.
- SD2 - sampling, drilling and distribution.
- SESAME - surface electric sounding and acoustic monitoring experiments.
Centre national d'ètudes spatiales (CNES)
European Space Agency (ESA)