Astrophysics (index)about


(weakly interacting massive particle)
(proposed particle comprising dark matter)

WIMP (or weakly interacting massive particle) is the name given to a possible subatomic particle that constitutes dark matter. (Massive is used only to mean it has some mass, a requirement for it to constitute dark matter.) It would have to be a particle not affecting electromagnetic radiation and therefore invisible and have sufficient mass to create the effects that motivate the dark matter concept. Discovery of candidate particles in accelerators or through detection would comprise evidence for their existence.

It could be an as-yet unknown subatomic particle or could be a known particle with such characteristics, such as the neutrino, if the numbers and the mass were sufficient. A particular possibility, sometimes intended by the term WIMP, is a neutralino: there have been reasons to believe such a particle would have the necessary mass and numbers.

An alternative idea is that dark matter consists of larger objects, the term being used for this is MACHO.

(dark matter,particle)

Referenced by:
dark matter
dark matter annihilation
neutrino (ν)