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Strömgren Sphere

(sphere of ionized hydrogen around an OB star)

A Strömgren Sphere is a sphere surrounding an OB Star with the conditions to host an HII Region. It is the sphere within a calculated radius at which Ultraviolet from the star will keep Hydrogen ionized, called the Stömgren Radius. The calculation is based upon a balance between ionization due to the Electromagnetic Radiation and the expected random Recombination of ion and electron.

RS = (3S*/(4πn²β2))1/3

(Recombinations down to the ground state are balanced by the ionizing radiation they produce.) This formula gives rough conditions for the presence of such a cloud, given a hydrogen density of a few thousand and a hydrogen temperature of a few thousand K.