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direct imaging

(detection/observation of exoplanets by taking pictures of it)

Direct imaging is a method of discovering and observing extra-solar planets, but can be done only for nearby stars, planets orbiting far from their stars (e.g., many AU), and hot (bright) planets and/or cool stars, such as brown dwarfs. Planets have been observed and discovered using this technique, for example, around HR 8799.

Direct imaging is considered a great advantage in spotting some types of biosignatures, such as any within the "shine" of a planet.

The term direct imaging also comes into use for other challenging-to-image objects such as protoplanetary disks.


(exoplanets)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methods_of_detecting_exoplanets#Direct_imaging
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_directly_imaged_exoplanets
http://www.planetary.org/explore/space-topics/exoplanets/direct-imaging.html
http://www.as.utexas.edu/astronomy/education/sum11/endl/secure/AST_s309_ss11_8.pdf

Referenced by:
atmospheric model
Beta Pictoris b (β Pic b)
brown dwarf (BD)
coronagraph
Darwin
earthshine
extreme adaptive optics (ExAO)
exosatellite
extra-solar planet
Exo-S
51 Eridani b
HabEx
HD 209458 b
HR 8799
PALMS
photometry
protoplanetary disk (PPD)
PSF fitting
red dwarf
speckle suppression
SPECULOOS
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)
WFIRST

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