An element (chemical element) is a class of atoms consisting of those with a specific number of protons, i.e., atoms with 10 protons make up one element, those with 11 make up another. Currently, 118 elements have been discovered or created. The proton count is termed its atomic number (Z). Two atoms may be of the same element even if their number of neutrons differs, in which case they are termed different isotopes of the same element.
The total number of nucleons (protons and neutrons in the nucleus) is termed the mass number or atomic mass number, so two isotopes of the same element will have the same atomic number but differ in mass numbers. The term atomic weight (or relative atomic mass) is the average mass per atom in daltons (1/12 of carbon-12, carbon with mass number 12) in a sample of the element. (Atomic weight is the traditional term but the latter term is more reasonable since it is a measure of mass rather than weight.) The atomic weight reflects the relative abundances of the isotopes in the sample. The term standard atomic weight is used for the known atomic weight of an element as found on Earth, i.e., reflecting abundances on Earth.