Astrophysics (Index)About

spectral band

(set of related, closely-packed spectral lines)

The term spectral band can be used in a general way to indicate a contiguous set (interval) of spectral wavelengths. It is often shortened to the term band. A common use is to describe the wavelength-range of filters or receivers.

Spectral band is also used assuming a more specific meaning: such an interval of wavelengths that are affected by a molecule, often a large, complex molecule, that produces many spectral lines, often forming a closely-packed pattern, even to the point of overlapping. If they overlap or if the spectroscope's resolution is low, it is seen as a range of absorption (absorption band) or emission (emission band).

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons produce these, e.g., PAH emissions. Water lines are another example.

Further reading:

Referenced by pages:
Arcminute Microkelvin Imager (AMI)
black-body radiation
Breakthrough Listen (BL)
methylidyne (CH)
color-magnitude diagram (CMD)
Compton reflection
chemically peculiar star (CP star)
diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs)
Green Bank Telescope (GBT)
Gunn-Peterson trough
high-energy astrophysics (HEA)
high frequency (HF)
imaging Fourier transform spectroscopy (IFTS)
interstellar medium (ISM)
Lick indices
Lyman-Werner photon
mid infrared (MIR)
near infrared (NIR)
observational astronomy
optical interferometer
photon counting
precipitable water vapor (PWV)
radio frequency interference (RFI)
spectral feature
S-type star (S)
telescope type
transient astronomy
water lines
wavefront error (WFE)
atmospheric window