Astrophysics (Index)About

multi-object spectrograph

(multi-object spectrometer)
(device to record the spectrum of multiple targets simultaneously)

A multi-object spectrograph is a spectrograph designed to collect spectrographic data from multiple targets simultaneously. A spectrograph open to the image (i.e., no restricting slit, a slitless spectrograph) can do this (producing a little "rainbow" for each imaged star), but the term is generally used for newer variations.

Generally, it uses a method to bring in light from known locations within the telescope's focal plane image, and requires preparation in terms of adjusting the instrument for these specific locations. This has been done by using a mask with multiple slits rather than a single slit.

It has also been done using what amounts to an imaging spectrograph or integral field spectrograph but designed so the "pixels" can be placed so as to gather data from specific target locations rather than being spread evenly over a field. An integral field unit of the "fiber" type might have the fibers rearranged to certain points in the focal plane image.

Telescopes/instruments using this:

The term multi-object spectrography indicates observation with such instruments.


(color,EMR,instrument type,spectrography)
Further reading:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibre_multi-object_spectrograph
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visible_Multi_Object_Spectrograph
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slitless_spectroscopy
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016SPIE.9908E..1SC/abstract

Referenced by pages:
BigBOSS
Víctor M. Blanco Telescope
Dark Energy Survey (DES)
Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI)
European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT)
ESO Nearby Abell Cluster Survey (ENACS)
European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescope (ESO VLT)
fiber positioner
Gaia
GAMA
Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC)
Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Keck Observatory
KMOS
Las Campanas Redshift Survey (LCRS)
Magellan Telescopes
Multi-object Optical and Near-IR Spectrograph (MOONS)
PRIMUS
spectroscopy
Subaru Telescope
TAIPAN
Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT)
2dF-SDSS LRG and QSO survey (2SLAQ)
UK Schmidt Telescope (UKST)
VIMOS-VLT Deep Survey (VVDS)
WEAVE
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)
WFIRST
Wide-field Multi-object Spectrograph (WFMOS)
William Herschel Telescope (WHT)
WIYN 3.5m Telescope

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